CDA Collaborative Learning Projects (CDA)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

International Alert

Working Group on Peace and Development (FriEnt)

Insightful Quotes
"Unemployment is a conflict driver, but it is too simplistic to expect a positive impact through job creation per se. Conflict sensitivity is key as is an integrated long term peace responsive approach. This requires collaboration of a wide range of stakeholders, not peacebuilding or private sector actors alone."
Insightful Quotes
"Peacebuilding does not come from jobs but from behavior and attitudes in dialogue, new networks across conflict divides and trust and accountability in a common vision for development."
Virtual Session 23

Jobs for Peace - What Does It Take?

Job creation is an important dimension within economic development for income generation and fighting poverty. Especially in fragile and conflict contexts, where unemployment is high and livelihoods endangered. ILO has developed a manual with tools to measure how job creation can have a positive impact on peace. GIZ is currently developing a toolbox for Sustainable Economic Development which build on ILO’s theory of change and offers principles for ensuring a positive impact on peace.

Main Questions
  • What are realistic contributions of job creation on peace and stabilization in the local context?

  • How do jobs have to be set up in order to contribute to peace and how can those contributions be measured?

  • What needs further attention and research? What do we know and where are the gaps? And what does this imply for the translation of realities into practice and into policies of development actors?

Key Theses, Thoughts and Ideas

Jobs are important but do not automatically lead to social cohesion. Besides the characteristic decent, creative, just and justly paid, job creation as ‘Jobs4P’ has to contribute to social relations to generate a positive impact on peace. The critical factors are behaviour and attitudes of the actors and the perception of employment measures on the ground. Measuring a peace positive impact of job creation has to go far beyond livelihood effects. Further research is needed for "good enough" standards in fragile contexts: Indicators for social cohesion and peacebuilding need to be developed further. We also need measures for "peace", not just "jobs".

Economic development can create a space for people to come together and to get engaged on common ground. This space has to be prepared so that trust between all stakeholders can be generated and sources of conflict can be discussed and transformed mutually.


Ben Miller
CDA Collaborative Learning Projects (CDA), USA
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Janna Post
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
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Markus Mayer
International Alert
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Nieves Thomet
International Labour Organization (ILO)
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Caroline Kruckow
Working Group on Peace and Development (FriEnt)
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Sylvia Servaes
Working Group on Peace and Development (FriEnt)
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The FriEnt Peacebuilding Forum is a series of events on current and overarching challenges and trends in peacebuilding. With the Peacebuilding Forum, we want to provide future-oriented impulses for the development of peacebuilding and strengthen the visibility and importance of the policy field in its entirety.


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