Despite the existing principle of equality and non-discrimination and legal framework on different levels regulating mining sector; in DRC conflicts persist and people live in extreme poverty. Whereas conflicts recur between large mining companies, the state and local communities in Grand-Katanga are the main issue as armed groups in east of DRC are financed through mining activities. The Pandemic of COVID-19 has exacerbated the opacity in the chain delivery and vulnerability of the poor.
What are the root causes for conflict in the mining sector of the Katanga region/DRC that need to be addressed?
What is necessary to create remedy and contribute to peaceful coexistence between the stakeholders? What are successful approaches of SADRI and GIZ in DRC for inclusive partnerships and bringing together the various actors involved in a space for exchange, dialogue and debate around the management of the mining sector?
What are successes of multi-actor-engagement as an impetus for peace and economic development that can be multiplied?
Key Theses, Thoughts and Ideas
It is important to make a distinction between mining in armed conflict/post conflict areas and in fragile contexts. In fragile contexts and post conflict areas dialogue between civil society, governments and companies can reduce causes of potential conflict between communities and mining operations. Entry points for dialogue are mutual interests. Solutions have to be found that benefit the community, the environment, the state and that integrate the local economy.
Building trust is a priority: Honest brokers can create trust and reduce power imbalances. Inclusion of women and support of women in positions of power in companies, governments and civil society is essential. For those inclusive partnerships, certification and compliance with standards like OECD Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains, etc. can have a stabilizing effect when creating opportunities for the community.